The Federal Government wants the use of the particularly controversial weed poison glyphosate in Germany as of the deadline 31. December 2023 forbid. Then the approval in the EU, including the transitional period, expires if the states do not renew it again. The planned “binding cessation of application” of glyphosate-containing agents is in the “Action Program Insect Protection” by Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD), which the Federal Cabinet decided on Wednesday in Berlin.
Starting from 2020 should therefore be limited with a “systematic reduction strategy” the application “significantly”. Plans include a ban on home and allotment gardens, public areas such as parks, and restrictions on farmers, including a ban on pre-harvest applications. This is supposed to avoid about three quarters of the amount used in Germany.
Glyphosate kills weeds and other plants, which is why conservationists criticize it as damaging to ecological diversity. It is also suspected to be carcinogenic. The issue was already in the previous black-red coalition for violent dispute.
In order to protect bees and other insects, the federal government wants the use of weed and pest poisons also severely restrict. Weed-killers as well as insecticides that damage biodiversity should be taboo on 2021 protected areas and other protected areas, such as natural monuments or national parks.
The federal states should can set particularly important bird protection areas for insect repellent, in which the same rules apply. Exceptions must be approved by nature conservation authorities. In the future, there must be a distance of 5 meters between the areas of application and the waters if the water’s edge is permanently landscaped, otherwise even ten meters, but the Länder can set exceptions.
The action program is not a law to follow in the coming months. The grand coalition had written to protect the bees and other insects that are threatened by intensive agriculture. Nevertheless, there were disputes about the specific regulations for well over a year.
In the future, the federal government wants (every year) 100 additional millions of euros for the promotion of insect repellent in the agricultural landscape and outside spend, also the research should be supported.